China Oncology ›› 2021, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (11): 1110-1114.doi: 10.19401/j.cnki.1007-3639.2021.11.010

• Review • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Single-cell RNA sequencing and its application in breast cancer

HAN Xiangchen, LI Xiaoguang, HU Xin   

  1. Department of Breast Surgery, Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center; Department of Oncology, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, China
  • Online:2021-11-30 Published:2021-12-03
  • Contact: HU Xin E-mail:

Abstract: Breast cancer, accounting for 17.1% of the female cancers, is the most frequently diagnosed malignancy among women in China. Current treatment strategies based on the breast cancer subtype have remarkably improved the prognosis, however, obstacles remain. It’s of great importance to elucidate problems, including the tumor heterogeneity, metastases and therapeutic resistance, to promote therapeutic efficacy. Single-cell RNA sequencing is a novel method that enables unbiased, high-throughput and high-resolution transcriptomic analysis at the single-cell level. It could profile intratumor gene expression features at single-cell resolution and improve our understanding of breast cancer. This review illustrated the application of single-cell RNA sequencing in breast cancer from diverse aspects to obtain further knowledge of this emerging technology and provided new insights into breast cancer research.

Key words: Single-cell RNA sequencing, Breast cancer, Tumor heterogeneity, Tumor microenvironment